This book provides a detailed and comprehensive introduction to situational analysis of qualitative data. Adele E Clarke personally created the situational. Adele E. Clarke – University of California – San Francisco, USA; Carrie Friese – London The Second Edition of Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory After the . UPCOMING SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS WORKSHOP WELCOME to Adele Clarke’s website established to support my book, Situational.
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In order to avoid essentialist reasoning, e.
Abstract Situational Analysis presents an iteration of Grounded Theory that incorporates the construction of a series of illustrative maps, conceptualizes a situation as inclusive of what usually has been considered context, and explicitly and systematically includes missing or otherwise silenced data.
It allows the researcher to make claims on interactions and power-relations and also includes actors that might have other perspectives. Grounded Theory after the Postmodern Turn. More importantly, this kind of situational analysis would also fit with what interactionist thinkers and HARAWAY seem to have meant when they emphasise the importance of considering the situation.
Making a Mess with Situational Analysis? The symbols’ meaning in motion and, therefore, the processual and carke nature of society can be studied by taking the situation as a unit of analysis.
Here the open question occurs, where should one stop? This, again, is an open question. For this she draws on examples from her own work or student projects, i. A analysi worlds perspective. His specific interest is on telemedical solutions for patients with chronic heart failure. The challenging task to perform this kind of analysis is to appropriately layout the size, locations, intersections of the social worlds within one arena that also means that each map is supposed to look different.
The real advantage of situational analysis, then, is that it provokes situztional to come into the material more deeply and enables them to analyse practice or, how she calls it, the “doingness of life” p. Basically, the problem with CLARKE’s relational analysis is that it starts by collapsing the different elements of the situational map, i. According to him, a situation is the moment where people produce common meanings of symbols in interaction BLUMER,p.
While postmodernism might, indeed, be more than how CLARKE defines it, she delivers a good instrument to make mess with method. Moreover, through situqtional, theoretical sampling, memos and other techniques, research processes have facilitated more transparency and, therefore, less arbitrariness. In further analysis, it may also become clear that some groups or individuals do not only stand for one position, but, on the contrary, they contradict themselves by taking in two or more point of views.
Studies in Symbolic Interaction1 I will go into this point in more detail below.
First, the definition of situation and second, as already stated above, the understanding of relational analysis. Who and what matters in this situation? One can see as stated in the previous section the insertion of the new, postmodern roots: It is more important to note that maps like these not only grasp the range of positions, but also capture what is not articulated; this may then provide a key to understanding the nature of the situation. Hence, even though problems might occur in grasping “partial connections” in relational analysing, it is, indeed, a method that enables the researcher to analyse relationally without becoming eclectic or, to express it positively, by considering sitiational empirical data.
Note that, concerning these two points, I do not mean to evaluate CLARKE in terms of grounded theory positions; I am more concerned with her contributions to qualitatively working social scientists adel the science and technology studies STS realm. To give an example: Indeed, analyssis first step is to make an ordered version of the mess, i.
This also enables interpretation of situatioal more easily or precipitates stumbling across ethnographic sequences that seem strange in comparison to the anticipated practices of the social world.
With this category, he challenged the established group metaphors of sociology at that time as it did not exclusively grasp social classes or institutions, but collective action. I did not constantly emphasise, as she does throughout her situatiional, that situational analysis is a method which can expand grounded theory.
As stated above, STRAUSS’ innovation was to expand symbolic interactionism from focussing micro-events to also analysing its conditions. It is especially grounded theory’s attempts to ascertain something CLARKE calls the “basic social process” that prevents it from fully becoming postmodern. According to her, maps enable “relational analyses, [are] excellent ‘devices to materialize questions’ […they are] great boundary objects—devices for handling multiplicity, heterogeneity, and messiness in ways that can travel”p.
While I do not disagree with this very sympathetic plea for more modest research and self-reflective science, I now wish to specifically focus on two points about which I have reservations. Qualitative Social Research9 2Art. This review essay argues that even though there remain some uncertainties in engaging in this epistemological hybrid, situational analysis provides a very good instrument for researchers to come into their material more deeply and, therefore, is a convincing tool for practice-oriented social science working with qualitative methods.
Situational Analysis presents an iteration of Grounded Theory that incorporates the construction of a series of illustrative maps, conceptualizes a situation as inclusive of what usually has been considered context, and explicitly and systematically includes missing or otherwise silenced data. Figure 1 gives a section of a situational map which CLARKE produced to capture the elements of one of her student’s projects which was on the status of nurses “emotion work” in a neoliberal health-care system.
It first looks at what elements exist and then analyses how these can be brought in relation to each other.
Her suggestion is to construct a model on the nature of the field by using grounded ade,e in order to later deconstruct it—or at least incorporate heterogeneities, complexities, contradictions, etc. An ethnographical situational analysis, then, could be applied in order to demonstrate how each element in the situation is enacted. In his analysis of disciplining practices, subjectivation techniques, or the production of intelligible bodies, FOUCAULT always came back to questions of power and, in his early work, he means this power to be purely negative, repressive and humiliating.
Relational analysis is a very important situattional for CLARKE, as it suggests that “worlding” HARAWAY does not happen because of the self-organisation of single elements; rather, it is the intertwinement of the individual elements that makes the ongoingness.
He delivers adeele first “new root” to grounded theory. The reinvention of nature pp. The potential of a research book to inform a clinical practice is an exciting development in advancing interdisciplinary studies and its related applications in the world. There is no such thing siguational context” p. These meanings and the actors who produce them should be “mapped in” as analysid may provide a key to the nature of the field.
Take, for example, clagke above definition see section 2 “Epistemological backgrounds” of situation in symbolic interactionism; it would be difficult to define when a situation begins and when it ends or where exactly it is and where it is not; however, a situation would be bordered, it would be the short moment where different actors meet, negotiate on symbols’ meanings and, afterwards, reproduce or transform it.
However, while engaging in this analytical exercise, the ontological different elements are sorted into a conservative classification system. Even though the presentation of CLARKE’s three suggested maps was certainly rudimentary, I hope to have made clear what the essential intention of her project is: In Donna Haraway Ed.